Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials

What matters to people with memory problems, healthy volunteers and health and social care professionals in the context of developing treatment to prevent Alzheimer's dementia? A qualitative study

General Information

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is recognized as one of the greatest global public health challenges. There is increasing consensus that optimal disease modification using pharmaceuticals may best be achieved earlier in the disease continuum before symptoms occur. However, more needs to be understood about what outcomes are meaningful to potential participants in clinical trials within this preventative paradigm and how people make trade-offs between risks and benefits. The Electronic Person-Specific Outcome Measure (ePSOM) programme is developing an app to capture person-specific outcomes and preferences in clinical trials. OBJECTIVE: As one phase in the ePSOM programme, this study explored what matters when developing new treatments to prevent AD and how trade-offs are made between risks and benefits, from three perspectives. DESIGN: Focus groups were conducted with people living with memory problems (n = 21) and healthy volunteers (n = 10), and telephone interviews with health and social care professionals (n = 10). Differences and overlap between the three groups were explored. RESULTS: Outcomes that matter lie in five key domains in relation to what matters in everyday life: Everyday Functioning; Relationships and Social Connections; Enjoying Life; Sense of Identity; and Alleviating Symptoms. Insights were gained into the significance of reducing the risk of developing dementia with drugs and the processes of weighing up risks versus benefits. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The key domains identified are being used to inform the next stage of the ePSOM programme which is to develop a survey to be distributed nationally in the UK to explore these issues further.

Watson, J. Saunders, S. Muniz Terrera, G. Ritchie, C. Evans, A. Luz, S. Clarke, C.


Health Expect
Further Study Information

Funding source(s):

Health Area

Disease Category

Disease Name
Alzheimer's disease

Target Population

Age Range


Nature / type of Intervention


Focus group(s)

Stakeholders Involved

Clinical experts
Consumers (patients)
Service providers

Study Type


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