Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials

Development of core outcome sets for vision screening and assessment in stroke: a Delphi and consensus study

General Information

Abstract:
OBJECTIVES: Visual impairment following stroke is common with a reported incidence of visual impairment in 60% of stroke survivors. Screening for visual impairment is neither routine nor standardised. This results in a health inequality where some stroke survivors receive comprehensive vision assessment to identify any existent visual problems while others receive no vision assessment leaving them with unmet needs from undiagnosed visual problems. The aim of this study was to define two core outcome sets (COS), one for vision screening and one for full visual assessment of stroke survivors. DESIGN: A list of potentially relevant visual assessments was created from a review of the literature. The consensus process consisted of an online 3-round Delphi survey followed by a consensus meeting of the key stakeholders. PARTICIPANTS: Stakeholders included orthoptists, occupational therapists, ophthalmologists, stroke survivors and COS users such as researchers, journal editors and guideline developers. SETTING: University. OUTCOME MEASURES: COS. RESULTS: Following the consensus process we recommend the following nine assessments for vision screening: case history, clinical observations of visual signs, visual acuity, eye alignment position, eye movement assessment, visual field assessment, visual neglect assessment, functional vision assessment and reading assessment. We recommend the following 11 assessments for full vision assessment: case history, observations, visual acuity, eye alignment position, eye movement assessment, binocular vision assessment, eye position measurement, visual field assessment, visual neglect assessment, functional vision assessment, reading assessment and quality of life questionnaires. CONCLUSIONS: COS are defined for vision screening and full vision assessment for stroke survivors. There is potential for their use in reducing heterogeneity in routine clinical practice and for improving standardisation and accuracy of vision assessment. Future research is required to evaluate the use of these COS and for further exploration of core outcome measures.

Aim:
The aim of this study was to define two core outcome sets (COS), one for vision screening and one for full visual assessment of stroke survivors.

Authors:
Rowe, F. J. Hepworth, L. R. Kirkham, J. J.

Publication

Journal:
BMJ Open
Volume:
9
Issue:
9
Pages:
e029578 -
Year:
2019
DOI:
Further Study Information

Date:
Funding source(s):
This article/paper/report presents independent research funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR: CDF-2012-05-126).

Health Area

Disease Category
Eyes & vision
Neurology

Disease Name
Visual impairment after stroke

Target Population

Age Range
18 - 100

Sex
Either


Nature / type of Intervention
N/A

Method(s)

Consensus meeting
Delphi process
Literature review

A list of potentially relevant visual assessments was created from a review of the literature. The consensus process consisted of an online 3-round Delphi survey followed by a consensus meeting of the key stakeholders.


Stakeholders Involved

Clinical experts
Consumers (caregivers)
Consumers (patients)
Guideline developers
Journal editors
Researchers

Study Type

COS for clinical trials or clinical research
COS for practice

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