International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for patients with vertigo, dizziness and balance disorders

Vertigo, dizziness and balance disorders have major impact on independence, employability, activities and participation.
There are many measures for the assessment of the impact of vertigo, but no consensus exists on which aspects should be measured. The objective of this study was to develop international standards (ICF Core Sets) for patients with vertigo and dizziness to describe functioning. The development of the ICF Core Sets involved a formal decision-making and consensus process, integrating evidence from preparatory studies including qualitative interviews with patients, a systematic review of the literature, a survey with health professionals, and empirical data collection from patients. Twenty-seven experts selected 100 second level categories for the comprehensive Core Set and 29 second level categories for the Brief Core Set. The largest number of categories was selected from the ICF component Activities and Participation (40). Twenty-five categories were selected from the component Body Functions, six from Body Structures, and 29 from Environmental Factors. The ICF Core Set for vertigo is designed for physicians, nurses, therapists and other health professionals working in inpatient or ambulatory settings. ICF Core Sets create patient-relevant outcomes that can be used as evidence for the success of treatments.


Eva Grill, Adolfo Bronsteind, Joseph Furmane, David S. Zeef and Martin Muller


Journal: Journal of Vestibular Research
Volume: 22
Pages: 261 - 271
Year: 2012
DOI: 10.3233/VES-120459

Further Study Information

Current Stage: Ongoing
Funding source(s):

Health Area

Disease Category: Ear, nose, & throat

Disease Name: Vertigo, Dizziness, Balance disorders

Target Population

Age Range: Unknown

Sex: Either

Nature of Intervention:

Stakeholders Involved

- Clinical experts
- Consumers (patients)

Study Type

- Recommendations made


- Consensus meeting
- Interview
- Survey
- Systematic review

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